Note on stresses in a chimney due to wind
J.H. Hoefakker1, J. Blaauwendraad2
1 Former lecturer in Structural Mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
2 Emeritus-Professor in Structural Mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
Donnell published in 1933 an elegant and rather simple differential equation for the stress analysis in circular cylindrical shells. The civil engineering structural mechanics group in Delft has a long and strong experience in the fifties and sixties of last century in working with this shell equation in close cooperation with the then building institute of TNO. Shallow roof shells, tanks and chimneys were examined. It is known that the equation has restricted reliability for shells in which wavelengths in circumferential direction are relatively large. In 1959 Morley replaced Donnell’s equation by a slightly extended equation which retained the essential simplicity of the original but the accuracy does not decrease as the wave length of circumferential distortion increases. The impact on longitudinal bending stresses at the base of chimneys due to wind is not negligible as appears from here summarized research. Application of Morley’s theory is easily extended to ring-stiffened and elastically supported chimneys. This note demonstrates how subsequent research in time of individual persons provides stepping stones in the process of discovering.
Key words: Chimney, circular cylindrical shell, stress due to wind, Donnell, Morley